American Legal History

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JohnOMearaProject_DumbLuck 9 - 12 Jan 2018 - Main.JohnOMeara
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No Suffrage, Little Attention; Nonetheless, Some Prosperity

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 Upon Bush’s arrival to the Willamette Valley, the present White community enforced Black Exclusion. Bush's party relocated to the southern tip of Puget Sound, at Tumwater (presently Olympia), between the Black and Deschutes Rivers. (1) There, Bush established Bush Prairie, a successful farm, and financed a gristmill and a sawmill that served White settlers and Indians from St!sch!a's village. (2)


1 : Id.

2 : Buerge, David M., Chief Seattle and the town that took his name: the change of worlds for the native people and settlers on Puget Sound, Sasquatch Books. 2017.




3 : see Attachment 1, below




4 : see Attachment 5, below

 In 1850, Bush owned real property in Lewis County worth $3,000 (according to the federal census). (5) Among the county’s 558 residents, only seven heads of households had real property worth more. (6) One other Black man, William Phillips, a sailor, lived in Lewis County. A Black man and woman, each a servant to a White Army officer, lived in Clark County. (7) In 1850, nine Black people resided in Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River, of 1,201 total inhabitants. (8)


5 :;

8 : I independently tabulated these numbers during a thorough review of the review of the 1850 federal census of Lewis and Clark counties, which were the only two counties in Oregon Territory north of the Columbia River at the time.

Revision 9r9 - 12 Jan 2018 - 17:32:16 - JohnOMeara
Revision 8r8 - 12 Jan 2018 - 16:15:19 - JohnOMeara
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